The national flag of Pakistan (Urdu: پاکستان کا قومی پرچم) was adopted
in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly
on August 11, 1947, just three days before the country's independence, when it became
the official flag of the Dominion of Pakistan. It was
afterwards retained by the current-day Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The flag is
field with a white crescent moon and five-rayed star at its centre,
and a vertical white stripe at the hoist side. Though the green colour is mandated
only as 'dark green',
its official and most consistent representation is Pakistan green,
which is shaded distinctively darker. The flag was designed
by Amiruddin Kidwai, and is based on the All-India Muslim League
The flag is referred to in the national anthem as Urdu: پرچم ستارہ و هلال Parcham-e-Sitāra-o-Hilāl
(lit. Flag of the Crescent and Star). It is flown on several important days
of the year including Republic Day
and Independence Day. A designer named Amiruddin
Kidwai studied the League’s flag, as he tried to design a flag for a new, independent
nation. Finally he arrived at a design, and he presented it to the men who would
run the new Pakistan government. The Pakistan government adopted his design on August
11, 1947. The Pakistan government has pronounced rules about the flying of the Pakistan
flag. The government has called for display of the flag at full mast on March 23
of each year. That display recognizes both the adoption of the Lahore Resolution in 1940 and
the Declaration of the Republic of Pakistan in 1956. Flag raisers in Pakistan also
make a point of hoisting the flag each year on the fourteenth day of August. That
is considered to be Pakistan’s Independence Day.
Pakistan became free of British control on August 14, 1947.
Before the Second World War, Muslims and
Hindus lived together under the British Raj. A number of the Muslims
formed the All India Muslim League.
After the Second World War, when the partition of India led to the
creation of Dominion of Pakistan, the flag of the Muslim
League served as the basis for the flag of Pakistan.
The green represents Islam and the majority Muslims in Pakistan and the white stripe
minorities and minority religions.In the centre, the crescent and star which
is traditional symbol of Islam symbolizes progress and light respectively. The flag
symbolizes Pakistan's commitment to Islam and the rights of religious minorities.
It is based on the original flag of the Muslim League, which itself
drew inspiration from the flag of the Sultanate of Delhi and the Mughal Empire in India and the
flag of the Ottoman Empire.
The official design of the national flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly
together with a definition of the features and proportions.
According to the specifications it is a dark green rectangular flag in the proportion
of length [A] and width [B] as 3:2 with a white vertical bar at the mast,
the green portion bearing a white crescent in the centre and a five-pointed white
heraldic star. The size of the white portion is one quarter the size of the flag
[C], nearest the mast, so the green portion occupies the remaining three quarters
Draw a diagonal L3 from the top right hand corner to the bottom left corner of the
green portion. On this diagonal establish two points P1 and P2. P1 is positioned
at the centre of the green portion and P2 at the intersection of the diagonal L3
and an arc C4 created from the top right hand corner equal to 13/20 the height of
the flag [E]. With the centre at point P1 and a radius 3/10 the height of the flag
describe the first circle C1 and with centre at point P2 and a radius 11/40 the
height of the flag describe a second circle C2. The enclosures made by these two
circles form the crescent. The dimensions of the five-pointed white heraldic star
are determined by drawing a circle C3 with a radius 1/10 the height of the flag
positioned between P2 and P3 on the diagonal L3. The circle surrounds the five points
of the heraldic star and star lies with one point on the diagonal L3 at point P3
where the circle C1 intersects the diagonal L3.
The Interior Ministry of Pakistan provides dimensions for flags in different circumstances:
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